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Author and co-founder of the Zürich DaDa movement, he joined the Max Reinhardt School of Dramatic Art in 1910, and was employed as stage director. The "Café des Westens" in Berlin became his meeting place with young poets. Stage director at the Munich Chamber Theater in 1913, and at the same time collaborator on the periodical "Revolution" together with Seewald, J.R. Becher, Erich Mühsam. Soon after the outbreak of the WWI he emigrated with his wife to Switzerland. In early 1916 he founded the "Cabaret Voltaire" in the Spiegelgasse in Zürich. Met Arp, Janco, Tzara, and later Huelsenbeck and Serner. His intentions with regard to the "Cabaret Voltaire" he defined in the following words: "It is necessary to clarify the intentions of this cabaret. It is its aim to remind the world that there are people of independent minds - beyond war and nationalism - who live for different ideals."