A history of surrealism, surreal art, and the artists involved in the surrealist art movement. A definitive history of the surrealist movement.

Name: Jean or Hans Arp
Year of Birth & Death: (1887 - 1966)
Biography: Jean or Hans Arp blended his work with Dada, Abstract art and Surrealism. He began studying at the Ecole des Arts Decoratifs in Strasbourg, Germany. He then became a student at the Weimar Academy. Jean Arp met Kandinsky during a stay in Munich and took part in the 2nd Der blane Reiter exhibition. During 1915 on a trip to Zurich, Jean met Sophie Taeuber whom he married in 1921. Arp took part in the birth of Dada in 1916 and in the same year he made his first wood reliefs. In 1920 Arp and Max Ernst produced a series of collages called " 'fabrication de tableaux garantis gazometriques' - 'manufactrue of painting guaranteed to be gasometric' " after which he publish he first poems in Hanover. He moved to Paris in 1925 and by 1930 he had made his first papiers dechires. He then began work on circular relief sculptures. He took refuge in Switzerland during WWII, and his wife died there in 1943. Arp when home to Paris in 1946 and published Le Siege de l'air, collection of poems. In the 1950's he erected sculpures for Harvard University, The University of Caracas, and UNESCO Secretariat Building. And in the 60's, Brunswick Technische Hochschule, and Bonn University Libary. He also finished cement Steles and Walls for the Kunstgewerbeschule in Basle. Some of the works for which Hans Arp is known for include: the sculptures Owl’s Dream (1936), Chinese Shadow (1947), Muse’s Amphora (1959), and Shepherd’s Clouds (1953).

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