|Year of Birth & Death:||
(1900 - ?)
Best known for his films, he joined the Surrealist movement in 1925, after founding the first Spanish cinema club. He wrote the script for Un Chien andalou (1928) with Dali, and a summary of the film sjowed up in the twelfth issue of La Revolution surrealiste. He continued to create films, most of which offended the Catholic community. These films include L’Age d’or (1930) and Hurdes (1931). He took a twenty-year break, he returned to film with Los Olvidados (1950). Some of his works, such as Death in the Garden (1956) and Nazarin (1958) pleased the Catholics, though it is unsure whether or not that was his intent. He won an award at the Cannes Film Festival for Viridiana (1960). The Diary of a Chambermaid (1962), based on the Mirbeau novel, as well as The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1961) and The Phantom of Liberty (1974) are all deeply rooted in the surrealist concept of dream versus reality.