A history of surrealism, surreal art, and the artists involved in the surrealist art movement. A definitive history of the surrealist movement.

Name: Marcel Duchamp
Year of Birth & Death: (1887 - 1968)
Biography: Duchamp was born in Normandy and raised with five siblings, two of which also became famous artisits. He studies at the Academie Jullian, and was present at the birth of cubism, after going through a "fauve period." He took part in the foundation of the Salon de las section d’Or, in which his friend Apollinaire introduced him as "Marcel Duchamp who is disturbing." Nude Descending a Staircase (1912) was one of the few painting Duchamp did. The majority of his works included reviews, like The Blind Man and The Rongwrong (1917), and glass panels, like To be looked at with one eye from close to for almost an hour (1918) and The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, even (1915). He abondoned painting altogether in 1923, and took up several unrelated activities, such as gambling and professional chess. He even published a book on end-games, entitled L’Opposition et les cases conjuguees sont reconciliees (1932). He published some of his documents in the Green Box (1934), and brought his complete works together in a portable museum called Valise (1942), which included three-hundred editions. His works were so extensive that it takes an entire room in the Museum of Art in Philadelphia to contain them.

Art Name: Chocolate Grinder No. I
Date Created: 1916-17
Medium: Oil on Canvas
Collection: Philadelphia, Louise And Walter Arensberg Collection

Art Name: Fountain
Date Created: 1917
Medium: Readymade: Urinal
Size: 360 x 480 x 610
Collection: Original Lost, Tate Modern

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