A history of surrealism, surreal art, and the artists involved in the surrealist art movement. A definitive history of the surrealist movement.

Name: Marie Germinova or Toyen
Year of Birth & Death: (1902 – 1980)
Biography: She was part of the avant-garde circle in Prague after World War I, and the Devestil group, which embodied all forms of modern art, including surrealism. She married Jindrich Styrsky, a painter, and began an abstract period, which eventually became a period of figuration, in which she used blobs and dribbles. She then settled in to pure imagery. After her husband’s death, she had a show in Prague in 1945 and another show in Paris in 1947, at the Galerie Denise Rene, after which she decided to stay in France. She produced a series of paintings recalling shop signs in Prague, such as At the sign of the Golden Wheel (1951). She continued to remain true to the surrealist form of art.

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